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Synesis: As defined in classical Greek, "... the process of informed discernment in making decisions of importance".

The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is pleased to announce the rebranding of Synesis as STEPS: Science, Technology, Engineering & Policy Studies, under the editorial direction of Dr. Robert Hummel. Please click here to visit the rebranded website and current issue.

We welcome submissions to STEPS! Manuscripts should follow currently posted author guidelines, and may be submitted via email to the editorial office at:

This page serves as the archive of Synesis articles. New articles are available on the STEPS website.

Archive Issue
2013 (VOLUME 4)

Volume 4: Thematic
Historical and Social Constructs of Technology: Contexts and Value for the Contemporary World
Guest Editors: Timothy J. Demy, ThD, PhD, Demetri Economos, PhD, and Jeffrey M. Shaw, PhD
Volume 4: General
Volume 4: Commentary/Letters

Archive Issue
2012 (VOLUME 3)

Volume 3: Thematic
The Future of Postsecondary STEM Education in the United States
Guest Editor: Scott Karakas, PhD
Volume 3: General

Archive Issue
2011 (VOLUME 2)

Volume 2: Thematic
Neurotechnology in National Security, Intelligence and Defense
Editors: James Giordano, PhD, Chris Forsythe, PhD
Volume 2: General

Archive Issue
2010 (VOLUME 1)

Volume 1: Thematic
Toward a Green Economy: Science, Technology and Policy in Interaction
Guest Editor: James Tate, Jr, PhD
Volume 1: General
Volume 1: Commentary/Letters

Synesis is published annually

Each volume contains:

(a) One or more sections of special thematic focus
(b) An ongoing General Papers section (accepted papers remain available for each volume year).
(c) Editorials (from Editor-in-Chief, Thematic Section Editor, and/or Guest Editors)
(d) Commentaries, letters, and/or reviews on thematic and/or general articles, as well as pertinent issues in the field

At years' end, Potomac Institute Press will print 'hard copies' of the journal for distribution

About Synesis

The word synesis is often used as a traditional grammatical or rhetorical term derived from the Greek σύνεσις (originally meaning "unification, meeting, sense, conscience, insight, realization, reason"). Thus, synesis is effectively an agreement of the sense of words – their ideas - instead of merely the form they take. The journal’s title, Synesis, takes the meaning of “unification” or “sense” of the concepts and ideas under consideration, and thus, refers to the process of insightful discernment leading to informed decision-making. When used in this way, it is our intention that both the term and the journal Synesis stand as a useful critical thinking tool for description and analysis of the science, ethics and policy needed for successful human endeavor.

Synesis publishes original papers that address science, technology, ethics and policy – both singularly, and in intersection. The journal welcomes submissions that seek to form intellectual bridges within and between the disciplines, and in so doing develop insight to the important issues, questions, problems and possible solutions that engage science and technology as a social force. Papers may address any area of science, technology, ethics and policy, and may be empirical studies, speculative or concept theses, and/or reviews. As well, commentaries to extant papers, themes, or activities in the respective fields are welcome.

Papers should be between 2500-5000 words of text for empirical studies or speculative theses; 5000-10,000 words of text for reviews, and 1500-3000 words of text for commentaries, and should conform to Vancouver style.

Synesis follows a double−blind reviewing procedure. Each submitted manuscript will be reviewed by (at least) two anonymous peer reviewers. These reviews will help the co-editors reach a final decision about whether a manuscript should be accepted for publication. Page charges and publication fees are not levied upon authors.

Authors intending to write review papers should first inquire with the Editor-in-Chief, James Giordano, to discuss focus, and ascertain level of interest; all inquiries and submissions should be sent to

Please refer to Instructions for Authors for complete information before submitting your manuscript.

Copyright: Upon acceptance of a manuscript for publication, the author is be asked to sign an author responsibility, financial disclosure and copyright transfer agreement. Except in cases of US governmental employees, the copyright transfer agreement transfers copyright to the Potomac Institute Press. No published material may be reproduced, distributed, or published elsewhere, in print or electronic form, without the written permission of the journal.

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Please note that all articles are provisionally uploaded for the first 48 hours. Afterwords, they are permanently archived.





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